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双语 | “一元自闭症童画”刷屏 揭秘这群“星星的孩子”

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8月29日,你的朋友圈有没有被“一元钱购买自闭症儿童画作”的公益活动刷屏?据称,仅花了半天的时间,该项目1500万元的募集目标已经完成。该项目成功将大众的目光聚焦在自闭症群体身上,还有很多人惊叹自闭症儿童展现出的绘画天赋。

 

然而,你真的了解自闭症群体吗?他们就像天上的星星一样活在自己的世界里,被称为“星星的孩子”。你通过画作的想象,可能和他们真实的生存状况相去甚远……

什么是自闭症?

Autism is a complex neurobehavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction and developmental language and communication skills combined with rigid, repetitive behaviors. Because of the range of symptoms, this condition is now called autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It covers a large spectrum of symptoms, skills, and levels of impairment. ASD ranges in severity from a handicap that somewhat limits an otherwise normal life to a devastating disability that may require institutional care.

自闭症是一种复杂的神经行为症状,包括社交障碍、语言沟通技能发育障碍、重复刻板行为。基于这一系列症状,这种病现在被称为孤独症谱系障碍,涵盖广泛意义上的多种症状、技能及不同程度的障碍。从一定程度上限制日常生活的障碍到可能需要某些机构治疗的重大残障,孤独症谱系障碍也分为不同的严重程度。

 

Children with autism have trouble communicating. They have trouble understanding what other people think and feel. This makes it very hard for them to express themselves either with words or through gestures, facial expressions, and touch.

自闭症儿童无法正常交流,也无法理解他人的想法和感受。因此,他们很难通过语言、手势、面部表情和接触来表达自己。

A child with ASD who is very sensitive may be greatly troubled -- sometimes even pained -- by sounds, touches, smells, or sights that seem normal to others.

患有孤独症谱系障碍且非常敏感的孩子可能会面临巨大的难题,有时甚至是痛苦,如听觉、触觉、嗅觉、视觉这些对普通人来说根本不存在的问题。

 

Autism’s most-obvious signs tend to appear between 2 and 3 years of age. In some cases, it can be diagnosed as early as 18 months. Some developmental delays associated with autism can be identified and addressed even earlier. Autism Speaks urges parents with concerns to seek evaluation without delay, as early intervention can improve outcomes.

患儿在两三岁的时候,就会表现出比较明显的自闭症的症状。有些患儿在1岁半时就能查出自闭症。自闭症伴随的发育迟缓甚至能在更早期发现与治疗。美国自闭症之声机构呼吁父母们及时对孩子进行检测,因为早期疗育效果更佳理想。 

庞大的自闭症患者群体  

 

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